Major factors which contribute to the disturbance and enlargement of thyroid glands

enlargement of thyroid

The most overlooked condition of the human body in comparison to obesity and fatness.

I have noticed we are so ignorant to the symptoms appearing in our body and claim it to being ‘just fat’! Living a rapid lifestyle, we often tend to forget what our body reflects to us from food to healthy living. Sometimes symptoms and signs are under informed and undiagnosed until we are victim of worse.

What is THYROID?

At school, we normally drew all the glands present in our body and it was quite interesting when it came to the shape of the thyroid gland as recalling a butterfly in the throat; that’s what I remembered best.

I never knew it is the most functional gland in the human system as well as the most overrated one.

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is normally located in the lower front of the neck behind Adam’s apple.

A healthy thyroid weighs approximately about 1 ounce. The thyroid’s job is to make thyroid hormones named Thyroxin T4 and Triiodothyronine T3, which are secreted into the blood and then carried to every tissue in the body.

Thyroid hormone helps the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles and other organs working as they should.

It is very crucial that both T3 and T4 level are balanced neither too high nor too low in the system for the thyroid to function accordingly. Usually, the first step to check the size and position of thyroid gland is going through a neck’sm ultra sound with a thyroid blood test.

Why do we need a thyroid gland?

Everything in our body is dependent on the thyroid gland, from metabolism, growth to the development of human body.

What happens to our body when there is an imbalance of the thyroid glands?

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which we lack enough thyroid hormone, leading to under activity

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism are; fatigue, weight gain, constipation, infertility, feeling cold, hair loss, brain fog, muscle and joint pain, depression, dry skin and heavy menstrual periods.


Is a condition where we have overproducing thyroid hormone leading to overactivity.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism are;

Anxiety, Irritability and moodiness, Nervousness, Sweating, Hand trembling (shaking), Hair loss, Missed or light menstrual periods


It is enlargement of thyroid gland more too abnormal in size. The most common cause of goiter is lack of iodine.

Symptoms of Goiter are; Swelling at the base of the neck feels like a visible lump, coughing or chocking, difficult in swallowing, drinking water, Difficulty in breathing, Hoarseness and tightness in the throat.

The other major factors which contribute the disturbance and enlargement of thyroid glands include;

Graves’s disease: is an autoimmune disorder, which attacks the thyroid gland, causing over secretion of thyroid hormone, which is hyperthyroidism.

Hashimoto’s disease: is an autoimmune disorder caused by the underactive thyroid hormone, which is hypothyroidism.

Thyroid cancer:

swollen lymph nodes in the neck part resulting to pain and hoarseness and difficulty in swallowing.

Inflammation: Thyroiditis is an inflammatory condition that can cause pain and swelling in the thyroid. It may also cause an over or underproduction of thyroxin. The very important aspect is a control diet for a healthy lifestyle.

The most crucial food that to be avoided the most or to have in a control way to balance the thyroid functions is sugar and gluten.

Stress; the word seems quite smaller to spell but alters the entire human system. We are living under the shell of the stress and seem to be very comfortable being surrounded.

Stress can create a life-threatening condition affecting thyroid. The most common cause is thyroid storm, which is triggered by physical stress.

What are we thinking yet? Are we in need to experience all the signs, and then only take concrete action? Are we still comparing our weight gain to being obese? Or weight loss a reason of malnutrition? Taking charge of our health is not an option, I guess!

If you are experiencing even the minor signs then kindly take quick action to follow up on your health and that’s today.


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